The paradigm and models of traditional soil science lack the ability to adequately address issues of soil dynamics, environmental integration, and change. Unexplainable research results obtained from traditional soil studies applied to non-traditional soil phenomena in physical geography, archaeology and ecology speak to the current need for soil science to move beyond description and classification and into a dynamic process-oriented soil science capable of providing explanations. Soils do not behave as static inert geologic detritus affected by climate, organisms, relief, and parent material through time, but instead soils behave as self-organizing systems dynamically interrelating with their environment. Recognition of this dynamic behaviour required a re-examination of how scientists in general think and in how modern soil science specifically evolved its basic paradigms and models.
This book examines the dynamics of soil organic carbon and demonstrates the self-organizing nature of soil through time as soil responds to a wide range of environmental and human perturbations.
This festschrift is dedicated to Professor Howell Tong on the occasion of his 65th birthday. With a Foreword written by Professor Peter Whittle, FRS, it celebrates Tong's path-breaking and tireless contributions to nonlinear time series analysis, chaos and statistics, by reprinting 10 selected papers by him and his collaborators, which are interleaved with 17 original reviews, written by 19 international experts.Through these papers and reviews, readers will have an opportunity to share many of the excitements, retrospectively and prospectively, of the relatively new subject of nonlinear time series. Tong has played a leading role in laying the foundation of the subject; his innovative and authoritative contributions are reflected in the review articles in the volume, which describe modern and related developments in the subject, including applications in many major fields such as ecology, economics, finance and others. This volume will be useful to researchers and students interested in the theory and practice of nonlinear time series analysis.
In this first volume in the Space Biology and Medicine series, contributors describe the current status of their understanding of space, highlighting physical and ecological conditions as well as heavenly bodies, and provide general information that will prove useful in the later volumes. The book is divided into four parts: Part I, Historical Perspective; Part II, The Space Environment; Part III, Life in the Universe; and Part IV, Space Exploration. Chapter contributions were made by both U.S. and Russian authors. The book also features an appendix of Astronomical and Physical Quantities, a detailed subject index, and an 8-page color section.
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